As saying goes, "It's easy to drive, but hard to brake. A driver who knows how to drive is a driver, and a driver who knows how to brake is a good driver." insufficient brakes. They are closely related, but on the other hand, reasonable driving braking skills can avoid many unnecessary traffic accidents. Let's talk about vehicle braking skills and master priorities.
Standard long distance braking
Under good road conditions, if there is a traffic light at a distant intersection, whether it is a red light, a yellow light turning green, or a green light, vehicle should slow down. and prepare to stop or drive through intersection at low speed. Perfect long-distance braking is similar to feeling of a high-speed train entering station. There is no sensation of impact at all. To do this, first judge intersection of traffic lights, slow down gas pedal, and then give a hill.
Many novice drivers or some students who are learning to drive, after receiving a brake command, will use abrupt braking behavior due to lack of experience, which not only greatly reduces driving comfort, but also affects safety (tendency to rear brakes ). end collisions), in addition, fuel consumption is also uneconomical.
If distance is sufficient, you don't need to apply brakes to allow vehicle's momentum to keep vehicle going at low-to-medium speed to save fuel. If distance is not enough, start applying brakes lightly. brakes after fuel has been collected to allow it to decelerate smoothly until vehicle comes to a stop or passes at low speed. During this period, it is a complex result of evaluating distance, vehicle speed, and braking performance. Users must accumulate a comprehensive understanding of their own vehicle funds for a long time before realizing it. If it is a new car or borrowing another vehicle, it is better to have a certain amount of redundancy in advance.
Urban road conditions follow brakes
Urban traffic conditions, especially during morning and evening rush hours, are mostly in a car-following state. During this time, you need to use brakes frequently. An experienced driver can make starting and braking smooth, without a strong feeling of repulsion or nodding. Theoretically, at this time, necessary distance between vehicles should be maintained, but domestic trend of landing at moment requires maintaining a distance of one body or less from vehicle in front, which places increased demands on driver's braking skills.
The sensible method at present is to reduce speed of vehicle according to road conditions. When you find that vehicle ahead is starting to slow down (the brake light is on), depress brake pedal. , apply pressure evenly and slowly decelerate until speed of vehicle in front is almost same. , hold brake pedal position, and then observe change in speed of vehicle in front to adjust braking force. If speed of vehicle in front no longer drops, you can slowly release brake pedal at this time, accelerate forward and continue to follow vehicle at same speed as vehicle in front.
Braking on a mountain road
When driving on mountain roads, you must first intelligently control speed of vehicle. When colliding with narrow roads, curves, and uphill or downhill roads, it is necessary to apply preventive braking to avoid emergency braking. Emergency braking on mountain roads can easily lead to car can skid and lose control, which is very dangerous.
The sensible approach is to drive according to speed limit. When there are warnings such as turning, cut off fuel supply in advance and apply brake lightly, but brake pedal release speed should be faster than car. level road to ensure that vehicle speed does not drop excessively. A car with a manual transmission is likely to have an unsuitable gear position due to vehicle speed falling too quickly. A too low gear position will cause body shaking, so pay attention to shifting gears in time after braking on mountain roads. Just buy an automatic.
Long downhill braking
On a long descent, gravity will cause vehicle's speed to get higher and higher even without refueling. At this time, remember that vehicle does not exceed set speed. Many novice drivers will go downhill with brakes to avoid higher and higher speeds. In fact, this is wrong. After car's brake system has been working for a long time, there will be a temperature drop, which will reduce effectiveness of brakes. give up or even fail. The correct way is to engage transmission in a lower gear, take full advantage of engine braking and brake lightly, then slowly release and then continue to lightly apply brake to make sure vehicle speed is controlled within safe limits. range.
On a curved road, brake before entering corner, slow down slowly before entering corner, and then accelerate out of corner. When braking on a curved road, you must simultaneously control car and at any time adjust position of body along curvature of curved road. Do not apply brakes, especially for vehicles in far lane, so as not to lose control of vehicle body.
Braking in rain
When driving on dry roads, coefficient of friction between tire and ground does not change much with increasing vehicle speed, but on wet and slippery roads, coefficient of friction decreases sharply with increasing vehicle speed. This is equivalent to fact that, together with coefficient of friction, braking force also decreases, and braking distance increases accordingly. If you are not an experienced driver, it is difficult for you to accurately estimate stopping distance in rainy weather. At this time, you should make sure that distance to vehicle in front is sufficient and speed should not be too high. , Listen to traffic prompts while driving, it will also reduce accident rate.
While driving on a rainy day, you will inevitably encounter patches of water on road, but this is not same as blinking when you see water or immediately applying brakes to slow down. This is a common problem for most drivers. In fact, both methods are very dangerous. Dodging left and right will no doubt make following drivers unsure of how to dodge, which will increase number of rear-end collisions, and it is also quite dangerous to brake hard in front or in wetlands. braking is also fraught with rear-end collisions. After vehicle skids, brakes have no protective effect, and brakes will lead to other more dangerous situations.
Nobody wants to get into an accident while driving, but it's not a matter of personal will. In case of an emergency, instead of lightly applying brakes, don't be afraid to nod your head at this time, just apply brakes all way. For vehicles without ABS, you need to quickly release brake pedal and then depress pedal fully after first depressing it.
There is another very important point, that is, you cannot just apply brakes and forget to steer. Many people's momentary blank mind is mostly due to forgetting to drive. Paying attention to emergency braking fills up your instant blank mind through contact, because if you act effectively for a few tenths of a second, it's very possible. traffic accident. It would be nice if car could be stopped in front of an obstacle by hard braking, but if this is really impossible, then you will have to consider whether this can be avoided. Accident avoidance is braking and merging with road. The main thing is to drive car under heavy braking, avoid obstacles and change lanes.